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This file has a .pdf extensionNetwork Design Guidelines
Author(s): Vince Kerr

A practical guide and checklist summarized from marine reserve literature intended to help people who are involved in the process of designing a network of highly protected areas as part of a marine protection network. 

Added to archive on 09/21/2010 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process | MPA Systems and Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA's and Networks NZ | MPA Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA Process and Policy | MPA Proposals and Applications |

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This file has a .pdf extensionPacific Oceanscape
Author(s): The Republic of Kiribati

A Secure Future for Pacific Island Nations Based on Ocean Conservation and Management
By The Republic of Kiribati
President Anote Tong

I. Purpose:
A summary briefing document for President Anote Tong (Kiribati) to use as a country initiative announcement at the Pacific Leaders Forum (4-7 August 2009, Cairns Australia).

II. Next steps:
Following review, amendment as needed and endorsement by Kiribati, officials need to notify the Pacific Island Forum Secretariat (PIFS) of this Kiribati country initiative at the PPAC meeting (14-15 July 2009) or soon thereafter.

III. Desired goal:
Kiribati announces the Pacific Oceanscape and component Pacific Ocean Arcs at the 2009 Pacific Leaders Forum with an invitation for collaboration in this initiative consistent with the Pacific Plan and the Forum Leaders Ocean Policy.  Kiribati, with the support from Conservation International, can further develop this concept for partnership and resourcing at the Regional Marine Managed Areas Meeting (November, 2009, French Polynesia).

IV. Rationale
Ocean conservation and management is the preeminent issue of our time and our region. Pacific Island people have depended on the ocean and its resources for millennia. But with rising sea levels, declining fishery resources, warming ocean temperatures, and pollution, the oceans are now changing rapidly in ways that our ancestors could not imagine, and in ways that degrade our people’s lives and threaten our existence. The time has come for our region to join together and face common threats to the ocean, a resource that moves between our communities and that we share like the atmosphere we breathe. The time has come for a new Pacific Ocean vision as demonstrated by the Pacific Oceanscape.

Added to archive on 08/13/2009 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design |

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This file has a .pdf extensionSocioeconomic Perspectives on Marine Fisheries in the United States
Author(s): PEW Oceans Commission

This paper explores the status of commercial marine fisheries in the US, the reasons for its decline and potential solutions to the problem. It places emphasis on the excess competition and poor management in today’s fisheries, the tens of thousands of jobs at stake, the impact on the economies of coastal communities and the risk being placed on valuable natural and cultural heritage. The paper discusses the potential effects of pursuing conservative policies, alleging there to be scope for the current catches to be more than doubled and depleted fish populations to be rebuilt. It states that increasing annual catches to long-term sustainable levels could add at least $1.3 billion to the U.S. economy, potentially restoring and creating tens of thousands of family wage jobs and substantially boosting local and regional fishing economies.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA Process |

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This file has a .pdf extensionConservation and the Myth of Consensus
Author(s): M N Peterson, M J Peterson & T R Peterson

This paper explores the wide-spread use of consensus-based approaches to environmental decision-making which are used in an attempt to enhance public participation in conservation and to facilitate the potentially incompatible goals of environmental protection and economic growth. The authors submit that while such approaches may produce positive results in immediate spatial and temporal contexts and under some form of governance, their overuse has potentially dangerous implications for conservation within many democratic societies. They go on to suggest that such approaches can lead to the dilution of socially powerful conservation metaphors and legitimise current power relationships rooted in unsustainable social constructions of reality. They suggest an argumentative model of environmental decision-making rooted in ecology will facilitate progressive environmental policy by placing the environmental agenda on firmer epistemological ground and legitimising challenges to current power hegemonies that dictate unsustainable practices.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process |

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This file has a .pdf extensionLessons Learned from Recent Marine Protected Area Designatios in the United States
Author(s): Brock Bernstein, Suzanne Iudicello and Charles Stringer

This report is a study of six separate and distinct efforts to designate MPAs in the United States. Based on the assumption that within their unique details lie lessons that can be broadly applied to other efforts, the authors selected case studies to represent diverse geographic areas and a spectrum of social, political, and ecological complexity. The authors submit that their assumption was correct. Through review of the written record and numerous interviews with those intimately involved in and affected by the six MPA designation processes, the authors found patterns that formed the basis for important, broadly applicable lessons.

Added to archive on 06/25/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process |

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This file has a .pdf extensionTechnical Advice on the Establishment and Management of a National System of MCPAs
Author(s): Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Full title: Technical advice on the establishment and management of a national system of marine and coastal protected areas - Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Marine and Coastal Protected Areas.
This document provides technical advice on the establishment and management of MCPAs and networks of MCPAs. The document contains the key relevant information that is needed to make MCPAs function at the national level. The document is a result of a forum in which researchers from around the world came together, reviewed the scientific knowledge base on MCPAs and their contribution to sustainable use, and provided advice on their establishment and management.

Added to archive on 06/25/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process |

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This file has a .pdf extensionICUN Guidelines on Use of Precautionary Principle
Author(s): IUCN

The governing body of the IUCN has approved guidelines for applying the precautionary principle in conservation and natural resource management. The precautionary principle provides a fundamental policy basis for anticipating and avoiding threats to the environment: namely, that action to protect the environment may be necessary before scientific certainty of harm is established.

Added to archive on 06/13/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process |

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