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This is a selection of scientific reports and papers on contemporary marine science research and monitoring studies. There is an emphasis on bringing overseas information to you that is relevant to New Zealand issues and MPA processes. Studies focused on marine reserves and network design are a major area of current marine science work internationally. Many of these studies are highly valuable as background to our understanding of the marine world here in New Zealand and the challenge of managing exploitation and a growing population.

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This file has a .pdf extensionMarine Protected Area News September October 2013 MPA134
Author(s): MPA News

MPA NEWS, Vol. 15, No. 2 (September-October 2013)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Australia’s new government to review boundaries and regulations of MPAs designated in 2012
US and New Zealand scale back proposal for Ross Sea MPA in bid for other nations’ approval
A response to the revised Ross Sea proposal from the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition
Letter to the Editor: Federal Government can act unilaterally to prevent harm to Great Barrier Reef
Four new global MPA task forces to launch at IMPAC3 in Marseille in October
Perspective: Closing the knowledge gap between academics and MPA managers
Notes & News: Scotland - Oil spill - Haiti - Drones - Enabling conditions for MPAs - MPA governance - Reef Manager’s Guide - Phoenix Islands - LMMA Lessons

Added to archive on 10/01/2013 and placed in the following categories: Marine Biodiversity International | MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process | MPA Systems and Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA News | MPA's and Networks NZ | MPA Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA Process and Policy | MPA Proposals and Applications | Marine Reserve Research and Monitoring International |

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This file has a .pdf extensionMarine Protected Areas news May/June 13 (MPA132)
Author(s): MPA News

International news and analysis on marine protected areas May/June (MPA 132)

Added to archive on 08/25/2013 and placed in the following categories: Fisheries Management International | Marine Biodiversity International | MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process | MPA Systems and Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA News | Marine Reserve Research and Monitoring International |

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This file has a .pdf extensionMarine Protected Area News March/April 2013 (MPA131)
Author(s): MPA News

International news and analysis on marine protected areas March/April 2013

Added to archive on 08/25/2013 and placed in the following categories: Fisheries Management International | Marine Biodiversity International | MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process | MPA Systems and Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA News | Marine Reserve Research and Monitoring International |

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This file has a .pdf extensionMPA_news_nov_dec_12
Author(s): MPA News

MPA NEWS, Vol. 14, No. 3 (November-December 2012)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
New MPA-related content on OpenChannels this month
What Counts as a Marine Protected Area?
MPA News Poll: What should we count as MPAs?
Perspective: When NGOs Invest Long-term in an MPA’s Management By Anton Wijonarno
Perspective: An Update on Marine Protected Areas in the UK By Alice Cornthwaite
Notes & News: Australia - Antarctica - American Samoa - Mozambique - Important Bird Areas - Mediterranean - Climate change and MPAs - Global MPA coverage
LMMA Lessons: Using a tok story session to share lessons on community-based management
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NEW MPA-RELATED CONTENT ON OpenChannels THIS MONTH…

The OpenChannels website (OpenChannels.org) is what happened when we wondered, “What if we took the best features of the Web for sharing knowledge and made them available to the audiences for MPA News and Marine Ecosystems and Management…?”

OpenChannels helps you share and gain knowledge more easily on best practices in ocean planning and management.  With blogs by leading experts, live chats, private discussion groups, a searchable and curated literature library, videos, webinars, and more tools to come, OpenChannels aims to be your consistent source for news, guidance, and community discussion.

New MPA-related content on OpenChannels this month includes:

-  Blog: Pushing forward the Pelagos Sanctuary and the conservation of marine mammals in the Mediterranean Sea - By Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara

-  Blog: Qualifying just any spatial zoning as an ‘MPA’ only diminishes the tool - By Joachim Claudet

-  Blog: Tighter Law Enforcement in Pacific Marine Monuments - By Lance Morgan

-  Book excerpt: The Ocean of Life: Fate of Man and the Sea - By Callum Roberts

-  Upcoming webinars on MPA monitoring and education (go to http://openchannels.org/webinars/upcoming )

-  Webinar recording: Building the Capacity of MPA Programs around the Globe, featuring Anne Walton

Come join us at OpenChannels.org!

John B. Davis
MPA News Editor, OpenChannels Supervisor

Added to archive on 12/03/2012 and placed in the following categories: Marine Biodiversity International | MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process | MPA Systems and Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA News | Marine Reserve Research and Monitoring International |

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This file has a .pdf extensionMPA News July August 2012
Author(s): MPA News

MPA NEWS, Vol. 14, No. 1 (July-August 2012)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Great Barrier Reef on Way to ‘World Heritage in Danger’ List Unless Development Plans Stopped
New Calculation of World MPA Coverage is Twice Previous Estimates, but Still Far Below Target
New Global MPA Database Launched: MPAtlas.org
Australia Announces Final Proposal for MPA Network, Including Coral Sea MPA
MPA Perspective: Coral MPAs and the Need for Long-Term Local Community Benefits
LMMA Lessons: How Communities Prepare for Managing their Marine Resources
Notes & News: High seas MPA - Rio+20 commitments - Maldives - California - Antarctica - France - US - Canada - MPAs in developing nations - iPhone app
Songs for MPAs

Added to archive on 07/26/2012 and placed in the following categories: Fisheries Management International | Marine Biodiversity International | MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process | MPA Systems and Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA News | Marine Reserve Research and Monitoring International |

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This file has a .pdf extensionAustralia sets world standard for marine parks June 2012
Author(s): WWF

“This announcement represents a major advance in marine conservation in Australia and sets an important example to the world,” said WWF marine conservation spokeperson, Paul Gamblin.

Added to archive on 07/09/2012 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process | MPA Systems and Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | Marine Reserve Research and Monitoring International |

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This file has a .pdf extensionMarine_Protected_Areas_news_126_May_June_12
Author(s): MPA News

PA NEWS, Vol. 13, No. 6 (May-June 2012)

CONTENTS
Paying for MPAs: Examples of Large-Scale Fundraising for Planning and Management
Marine Protected Areas in Fisheries Management: A West African Perspective
Notes & News: Chagos size - Chile - Artisanal fishers and MPAs - Benthic protection areas - Wind farms as MPAs - Climate and MPAs - MPA manager exchanges - Training MPA scientists
From the Database: Five median-sized MPAs

Added to archive on 05/29/2012 and placed in the following categories: Fisheries Management International | Marine Biodiversity International | MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process | MPA Systems and Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA News | Marine Reserve Research and Monitoring International |

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This file has a .pdf extensionThe Economics of Marine Protected Areas
Author(s): Allen Consulting Group

This 2009 report uses bio-economic modelling to measure the economic potential of a network of marine protected areas, applying the principals to Australia’s South West Bioregion. The findings show the combination of fishery buffer benefits, spillovers for commercial and recreational fishing and increased ecotourism are likely to outweigh losses due to recreational and commercial fishers displacement.

Added to archive on 10/30/2011 and placed in the following categories: Fisheries Management International | Marine Biodiversity International | MPA's and Networks International | MPA Systems and Case Studies | Marine Reserve Research and Monitoring International |

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This file has a .pdf extensionStocking Up: Securing our Marine Economy
Author(s): Centre for Policy Development - Australia

Our oceans are often out of sight, but that doesn’t mean they should be out of mind. Australia is surrounded by a vast wealth of oceans with the world’s third largest marine estate. Australian waters have the highest marine biodiversity in the world and it’s marine economy supports thousands of regional jobs through commercial fishing, marine tourism and recreational fishing. Yet official accounts record only a fraction of the real, long-term value of our oceans.

In a ground-breaking new report, CPD’s Sustainable Economy program reveals a shortfall in official accounts of $25 billion per year. The oceans contribute at least this much to the national economy in ecosystem services – such as carbon storage, fish nursery services and recreational fishing – free of charge.

Stocking Up: Securing Our Marine Economy is the first in a series of reports that will look at how different sectors of Australia’s economy can benefit from policies to preserve the environment and resources that sustain them.

KEY FINDINGS
In a national first, Stocking Up assesses the economic value of Australia’s oceans and finds:

Our oceans provide an unrecognised $25 billion in value every year to our national economy – billions of dollars that are currently unaccounted for in official statistics. 
The value of sustainably managed Australian fisheries could increase by 42% over 20 years if global fish stocks collapse.
Stocking Up fills a gap between the scientific knowledge of our oceans and the poor understanding of the economic and social value they provide, showing how we can secure marine jobs today and in the future by maintaining the value of the assets that these jobs rely on.

The report measures essential ecosystems services provided ‘free of charge’ by our oceans, such as:

$15.8 billion a year in carbon storage. Seagrasses store 10 to 40 times as much carbon per hectare as forests. Australia’s seagrass meadows are the largest in the world.
$6.2 billion a year in fish nursery services, pest and disease control. These services are crucial for our commercial fishing industry.
$1.85 billion per year in fish and recreation enjoyed by the 1 in 5 Australians who go fishing at least once a year
REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS
Stocking Up recommends five simple measures to secure our marine resources for all Australians; support long-term jobs in commercial fishing and marine tourism; and provide better catches for recreational fishers:

Protect the assets that underpin our marine estate – We must treat our marine estate as a portfolio of valuable ecological assets. We need to balance our investment portfolio across a well-managed commercial fishing estate; marine protected areas and highly protected areas.
Rebuild fish stocks – We need to take better care of fish stocks to reduce the risk of collapse. While management measures for our Commonwealth fisheries provide a strong foundation for reducing over-fishing, 42 per cent of our fisheries remain in an over-fished or unknown state.
Ensure all commercial fisheries are sustainably managed - We need to adjust economic incentives to avoid poverty traps for commercial fishers and loss of resources for tourism and recreation. Around half of Commonwealth fisheries are currently struggling to cope with economic pressure from rising fuel prices, a high Australian dollar and increased competition.
Establish baseline data for recreational catch and biomass in undisturbed ecosystems - We need better information to avoid sudden collapse of ecosystems. While our knowledge of many commercial fisheries has improved, we don’t have enough information on recreational catch and on how marine ecosystems function to manage multiple pressures well.
Support local communities through marketing and business innovation – We need innovations in marketing and business models to help local economies find opportunities from changing market demand and resource availability
As global fish stocks decline and the risk of ecosystem collapse grows worldwide, Australia can still take action to secure the third largest and most diverse marine estate in the world. This would support long-term jobs for commercial fishers, secure marine resources for tourism development, and provide better catches for recreational fishers.

In Stocking Up we’ve brought common-sense thinking to the question of how we can develop a thriving marine economy over the long term. It’s not a trivial question.

As the world heads into challenging times, Australia must make smart and informed decisions about how to navigate the waters ahead. These decisions need to be driven by the value of our oceans and the people who rely on them, not by politics.

Added to archive on 10/30/2011 and placed in the following categories: Climate Change | Fisheries Management International | Marine Biodiversity International | MPA's and Networks International | Marine Reserve Research and Monitoring International |

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This file has a .pdf extensionMPA News September October 2011 - Number 122
Author(s): MPA News

MPA NEWS, Vol. 13, No. 2 (September-October 2011)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Surge in Very Large MPAs: What Is Driving It and What Does the Future Hold?
Letter to the Editor: Additional Comment on Australia’s Proposed South-west MPAs
Is Mexico’s Cabo Pulmo National Park the Most Successful No-Take Marine Reserve in the World?
Notes & News: MPA enforcement - UK MPAs - Pacific shark sanctuary – 15 MPAs in one town - Brazil protest - New Zealand reserves - Deep ocean MPAs - Mediterranean - Marine mammals - US
MPA Bookshelf: New Publications

Added to archive on 09/20/2011 and placed in the following categories: Marine Reserves NZ | MPA's and Networks International | MPA Process | MPA Systems and Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA News | MPA's and Networks NZ | MPA Case Studies | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design | MPA Process and Policy | MPA Proposals and Applications | Marine Reserve Research and Monitoring International |

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