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If you haven't discovered this yet, MPA is an acronym for Marine Protected Areas. This section brings to you summary works and information from around the world exploring what MPA's are, what they can do, why we need them, and how to create them. Overseas there are some huge advances being made in this area as the first functioning networks of marine protected areas emerge - there is much for us to consider and learn from these overseas examples.

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This file has a .pdf extensionRequirements for Marine Protected Areas to Conserve the Biodiversity of Rocky Reef Fishes
Author(s): William Gladstone

This study describes spatial patterns in the biodiversity (species, assemblages) of rocky reef fishes at a spatial scale relevant to management, and compares the outcomes for this biodiversity from alternative procedures for selecting marine protected areas (MPAs) and from the selection of MPAs for fisheries-related objectives.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design |

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This file has a .pdf extensionComparing Marine and Terrestrial Eco-systems: Implications for the Design of Coastal Marine Reserves
Author(s): Mark H Carr et al

This paper discusses how concepts and theory for the design and application of terrestrial reserves is based on our understanding of environmental, ecological, and evolutionary processes responsible for biological diversity and sustainability of terrestrial ecosystems and how humans have influenced these processes. It discusses how well this terrestrial-based theory can be applied toward the design and application of reserves in the coastal marine environment depends, in part, on the degree of similarity between these systems. It then goes on to discuss several marked differences in ecological and evolutionary processes which exist between marine and terrestrial ecosystems as ramifications of fundamental differences in their physical environments (i.e., the relative prevalence of air and water) and contemporary patterns of human impacts. The authors submit that these differences imply some unique design criteria and application of reserves in the marine environment. In explaining the implications of these differences for marine reserve design and application, they identify many of the environmental and ecological processes and design criteria necessary for consideration in the development of such analytical approaches.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design |

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This file has a .pdf extensionEvaluating the Role of Site Selection Criteria for Marine Protected Areas in the Gulf of Maine
Author(s): Samuel D Brody

Selection criteria play an important role in the process of identifying, valuing, and designating marine protected area (MPAs). This report examines the role of site selection criteria in establishing a network of marine protected areas in the Gulf of Maine. The importance of criteria in providing a rational basis for site selection is first examined. Criteria are identified as guidelines that add consistency to the decision-making process and enable the clarification and achievement of program goals. The application of criteria for ranking candidate sites in order of preference is also briefly discussed and exemplified by the U.S. National Marine Sanctuary Program.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design |

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This file has a .pdf extensionApplying Ecological Criteria to Marine Reserve Design: A Case Study from the Californian Channel Is
Author(s): S Airame et al

Using ecological criteria as a theoretical framework, the authors describe the steps involved in designing a network of marine reserves for conservation and fisheries management.
Although we describe the case study of the Channel Islands, the approach to marine reserve design may be effective in other regions where traditional management alone does not sustain marine resources.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Network and Marine Reserve Design |

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This file has a .pdf extensionVictoria’s System of Marine National Parks and Marine Sanctuaries: Draft Management Strategy
Author(s): Parks Victoria

The purpose of this draft Strategy is to provide strategic guidance to Parks Victoria’s marine national parks managers, planners and researchers, and to inform the wider community. It draws together international best practice principles and guidelines for the management of highly protected marine national parks and ecologically sustainable uses of the marine environment. In June 2002, Victoria was the first jurisdiction in the world to proclaim an entire system of highly protected marine national parks at the same time. This draft Strategy represents Parks Victoria’s approach to managing this system. It sets out a consistent, statewide framework for the management of all marine national parks and marine sanctuaries, and seeks to ensure that management objectives and strategies are developed to realise the benefits to marine conservation, and meet public expectations.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Systems and Case Studies |

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This file has a .pdf extensionNingaloo Marine Park (Commonwealth Waters): Draft Management Plan
Author(s): Environment Australia

This is the draft second Management Plan for Ningaloo Marine Park (Commonwealth Waters). This draft has been prepared in accordance with the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) and provides for the protection and conservation of the Marine Park. It sets out the legislative framework and strategic objectives for Ningaloo Marine Park (Commonwealth Waters). It describes the natural, social and cultural values and the existing uses of the Commonwealth waters of Ningaloo Marine Park. It analyses the major pressures on the values of the Marine Park and sets out the management goals and strategies for the Marine Park’s Commonwealth waters.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Systems and Case Studies |

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This file has a .pdf extensionLord Howe Island Marine Park Proposal
Author(s): Environment Australia

This document outlines the Commonwealth Government’s proposal for a marine protected area to be declared under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1975 (the Act) in Commonwealth waters surrounding Lord Howe Island and Ball’s Pyramid. As part of this proposal, Environment Australia is seeking the active involvement of the Lord Howe Island Board, the local community and other stakeholders in all aspects of the declaration process and subsequent planning and management of the area. The document canvasses the objectives of the proposed marine protected area, potential boundary options, the conservation value of the proposal, proposals for management options, other issues arising from the proposal and the legislative process that will be followed.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Systems and Case Studies |

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This file has a .pdf extensionMarine Reserves Technical Document: A Scoping Document for the Gulf of Mexico
Author(s): Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council

The Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council is considering using marine reserves as a fisheries management tool in the federal waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Since marine reserves have not been used in this region and may be unfamiliar to those interested in Gulf of Mexico fisheries, this document is designed to provide relevant information to the Council and to the public, to introduce the concept of marine reserves, and to solicit public feedback. This document contains no specific proposals to establish marine reserves.  The concept of no-take marine reserves is introduced and the science around the effects of marine reserves of fisheires is examined.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Systems and Case Studies |

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This file has a .pdf extensionInformation Sheet: Do No-Take Areas Work?
Author(s): Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority

The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority is implementing the Representative Areas Program to help ensure better protection of the Marine Park’s biodiversity. This involves a review of the existing zoning throughout the Marine Park. This information sheet is part of a package of materials that help explain various technical elements of the Representative Areas Program and the zoning review. It is a brief outline of the scientific knowledge on the effects and benefits of no-take areas as methods for marine conservation.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Systems and Case Studies |

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This file has a .pdf extensionProtecting Biodiversity: An Overview of the GBRMPA Representative Program
Author(s): Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority

The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) is working on a Representative Areas Program to enhance protection of the biodiversity of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (GBRWHA). This Program is part of Australia’s national Representative Areas Program and builds on previous work conducted at the Authority and with stakeholders
from 1996 to 1998. This document outlines the significant and unique qualities of the GBRWHA and the importance of maintaining the biological diversity it contains. The steps involved with the Representative Areas Program are described. Answers to some commonly asked questions are also included. Most importantly this document outlines an approach to ensuring that views are heard in regard to the planning of representative areas—areas important for all our futures.

Added to archive on 07/04/2007 and placed in the following categories: MPA's and Networks International | MPA Systems and Case Studies |

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